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Presents the first Whitney M. Young, Jr. Memorial Lecture given by Ford Foundation president Franklin A. Thomas at Columbia University in 1984 on race, ethnic relations, and affirmative action, with a focus on South Africa and the United States.
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation;
This chartbook is intended to serve as a quick reference on racial/ethnic disparities in health, health insurance coverage, and health care access and quality. The document highlights the best available data and research, providing a selective review of the literature. Section One gives an overview of the demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. Section Two presents measures of health status. Section Three profiles patterns of health insurance coverage. Section Four describes findings on access to primary and preventive care. Section Five documents findings on the use of specialty care for heart disease, cancer, asthma, and HIV/AIDS. Whenever possible, data are stratified by both race/ethnicity and by a measure of socioeconomic status.
Coalition for Compassionate Care of California;
Racial and ethnic minorities are fast becoming a larger share of the U.S. population, and California is on the forefront of this change. Culture and ethnicity can play a crucial role in the type of care a person receives towards end-of-life. This factsheet provides an overview of who is dying in California and attitudes and experiences with death and dying in the state.
Sentencing Project, The;
Examines racial and ethnic disparities by state, and finds substantial variation in the degree of black-to-white incarceration. The report finds that African Americans are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of whites and Latinos at nearly double the rate. Five states, located in the Northeast and Midwest, incarcerate blacks at more than ten times the rate of whites. Recommended reforms include: addressing disparities through changes in drug policy, mandatory sentencing laws, reconsideration of "race neutral" policies, and changes in resource allocation.
Social IMPACT Research Center;
Social Impact Research Center's analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's 2005-2009 5-year American Community Survey
This report contains the most current teenage pregnancy, birth and abortion statistics available, with national estimates through 2006, and state-level estimates through 2005. The report includes tables showing annual national rates and numbers of teenage pregnancies, births and abortions through 2006; state-level rates of pregnancy, birth and abortion in 2005; and state-level numbers of teenage pregnancies, births, abortions and miscarriages, as well as population counts. The report concludes with a discussion of the methodology and sources used to obtain the estimates. Some Key Findings: In 2006, 750,000 women younger than 20 became pregnant. The pregnancy rate was 71.5 pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15 -- 19, and pregnancies occurred among about 7% of women in this age-group. The teenage birthrate in 2006 was 41.9 births per 1,000 women. This was 32% lower than the peak rate of 61.8, reached in 1991, but 4% higher than in 2005.Among black teens, the pregnancy rate declined by 45% (from 223.8 per 1,000 in 1990 to 122.7 in 2005), before increasing to 126.3 in 2006. Among Hispanic teens, the pregnancy rate decreased by 26% (from 169.7 per 1,000 in 1992 to 124.9 in 2005), before rising to 126.6 in 2006. Among non-Hispanic white teens, the pregnancy rate declined 50% (from 86.6 per 1,000 in 1990 to 43.3 per 1,000 in 2005), before increasing to 44.0 in 2006.
Center for Responsible Lending;
African-Americans and Latinos get high-priced subprime mortgages far more frequently than whites -- even when they are equally qualified, according to a groundbreaking new study from CRL.
Lenders say they charge more because African-Americans and Latinos on average have shakier credit histories, which makes lending to them riskier. But that explanation is simply wrong.
In the most extensive study of its kind, CRL found that African-Americans and Latinos are commonly almost a third more likely to get a high-priced loan than white borrowers with the same credit scores. The study examined 50,000 subprime loans. A House subcommittee is now discussing whether to pass a weak bill favored by industry or strong protections that would stop predatory lending practices like this in the vast sub-prime mortgage market, where people with blemished credit borrow and most mortgage abuses occur.
Public Policy and Education Fund of New York;
This analysis of campaign contribution data presents a portrait of what segments of New York State have the greatest influence over legislative actions in Albany through campaign contributions. Our analysis of campaign contributions to Assembly members and Senators from the 2006 and 2008 election cycles from zip codes throughout New York State found enormous disparities in the contributions coming from different zip codes based on geography, race and ethnicity, and economic status. Specifically, in the 2006 to 2008 period, we found that:
Four out of five dollars of the $72 million flowing into campaign coffers in Albany, or $58 million, came from zip codes that are majority white.
One third of campaign cash came from wealthy zip codes where a large number of households earned over $200,000, even though such zip codes are just 12% of the state's population.
The top ten contributing zip codes were all from New York City and Albany and its suburbs (Latham).
Pew Hispanic Center;
Analyzes percentage change in employment from 2009 to 2011 by race/ethnicity, nativity, gender, and industry, as well as trends in job growth relative to population growth.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation;
Examines the legal liability of collecting and reporting race and ethnicity data as part of healthcare quality improvement. Recommends establishing government guidelines to encourage the development of better practices for delivering quality health care.
Based on a survey of employers, examines differences in wages and benefits among African-American/Black, Hispanic/Latino, and white workers in jobs that do not require a college degree. Compares job requirements, ages, education levels, and training.